The Palm Islands are an artificial archipelago in Dubai, United Arab. They are constructed by Nakheel Properties, a property designer in the United Arab Emirates. The islands are the Palm Jumeirah, the Palm Jebel Ali and the Palm Deira.
In 1993, construction started on Dubai’s first man-made island, the future home of the Burj Al Arab, Dubai’s famous seven-star hotel. The outstanding construction stands out from the nearby skyscrapers, and its site 919 feet out into the sea keeps its shadow from interfering with a nearby beach resort. The Burj Al Arab’s offshore achievement donated to the construction of an even grande¬r idea: enormous artificial islands.
Sheik Mohammed first drew the palm design as a way to exploit beachfront property. The longest branch on the smallest island spans closely a mile of sea and contains property on both sides. Each settlement will be in the shape of a palm tree, topped with a crescent, and will have a large number of housing, leisure and entertainment centers. The Palm Islands are situated off the coast of The United Arab Emirates in the Persian Gulf and will add 520 kilometers of beaches to the city of Dubai.
The first two islands will include approximately 100 million cubic meters of rock and sand. Palm Deira will be composed of about 1 billion cubic meters of rock and sand. All materials will be mined in the UAE. Among the three islands there will be over 100 luxury hotels, exclusive residential beach side cottages and apartments, marinas, water theme parks, restaurants, shopping malls, sports services and health spas.
The formation of the Palm Jumeirah initiated in June 2001. Shortly after, the Palm Jebel Ali was stated and retrieval work began. The Palm Deira, which is planned to have a surface area of 46.35 square kilometers, was declared for development in October 2004. Building was first intended to take 10–15 years, but that was before the influence of the global credit crunch hit Dubai.
The smallest palm, Palm Jumeirah, accepted its first residents in the summer of 2007 — David Beckham owns a plot. The Palm Jebel Ali, a medium-size island, is structurally complete. And the largest island, the Palm Deira, is still experiencing sea recovery.
Palm Jumeirah is already full with villas and hotels, with some initial purchasers complaining that the plots are more closely spaced than they were led to believe. Buyers are a mixture of long-term inhabitants, vacationists and risk-takers hoping to cash in on skyrocketing prices. When the island is complete, Nakheel expects 120,000 residents and workers plus as many as 20,000 tourists a day. Construction workers lived on the fronds and in fastened cruise ships while building the island.
To ease tourism and make life easier for residents, the six-lane Sub-Sea Tunnel connects Palm Jumeirah to the mainland. Workers used a dam to drain the area and excavate the seabed before rereleasing the water. Developers have plans for a four-stop monorail that will race the length of the palm.